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Congenital heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Congenital heart disease is a general term for problems with the heart’s structure that are present from birth. It is the most common type of birth defect.

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Obstructive sleep apnoea

Risk Factors

Obstructive sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder where breathing repeatedly stops and starts. It has a major impact on cardiovascular function.

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High blood pressure

Risk Factors

High blood pressure (hypertension) occurs when too much force is applied to blood vessel walls by the blood that the heart pumps around the body.

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Inactivity and a sedentary lifestyle

Risk Factors

Lifestyles have become more sedentary, and this inactivity can negatively impact health.

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Alcohol

Risk Factors

Excessive alcohol intake over the long-term is linked to cardiovascular disease as well as other risk factors like high blood pressure.

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Smoking

Risk Factors

Smoking is a major risk factor for many chronic diseases and reduces health in general.

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Obesity and overweight

Risk Factors

Obesity and being overweight is a condition where a person carries excessive body fat that presents a risk to health.

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High cholesterol

Risk Factors

Cholesterol is a soft, waxy fat produced by the liver that circulates in the bloodstream and is essential for functioning. It is also found in some foods. High cholesterol levels can increase the risk of heart disease.

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Heart failure

Cardiovascular Disease

Heart failure is when the heart doesn’t work as well as it should in pumping blood and oxygen around the body, causing extra fluid to build up in the body.

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Heart attack

Cardiovascular Disease

A heart attack occurs when the heart is deprived of oxygen due to a blockage in one of the coronary arteries that supplies blood to the heart.

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Atherosclerosis

Cardiovascular Disease

Atherosclerosis is the main underlying cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD).

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Stroke

Cardiovascular Disease

Stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is suddenly cut off.

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Risk factors for cardiovascular disease

Risk Factors

There is no one cause of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but there are several factors that increase your risk – some that can be changed, and some that cannot.

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Women and heart disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Heart disease and heart attacks are often associated with middle aged or older men. However, women are just as affected.

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Preeclampsia

Cardiovascular Disease

Preeclampsia is high blood pressure that occurs during pregnancy and the postpartum period, affecting both the mother and unborn baby.

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Diabetes

Cardiovascular Disease

Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot maintain healthy blood glucose levels. People living with type 2 diabetes are over twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease.

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Peripheral artery disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Peripheral artery disease (PAD), also known as peripheral vascular disease, is a type of cardiovascular disease in which the narrowing of arteries results in reduced blood flow to a body part outside of the heart or brain.

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Atrial fibrillation

Cardiovascular Disease

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a condition where the heart beats irregularly or rapidly.

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Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular Disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to all the diseases of the heart and circulation, including coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, heart attack, congenital heart disease and stroke.

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